Climate variability in Tanzania is manifested by the occurrence of frequent droughts and floods with severe socioeconomic and ecological implications. In the last 40 years Tanzania has experienced severe and recurring droughts.
The droughts of 2003 and 2005 are the most recent major drought events which severely affected agriculture, energy, and the business sector in Tanzania.
Many parts of the country, especially the central regions which are semi-arid are increasingly becoming vulnerable to climatic variability. They will be even more vulnerable to climate change as the amplitude and frequency of extreme weather events is expected to increase.
This vulnerability is in particular due to the fact that farming and livestock keeping activities depend on rainfall which is very variable. Furthermore poverty is wide spread, infrastructure is poor, illiteracy rate is high and over-exploitation of ecosystem is a serious problem in this region. All these factors, together with limited technological capability have contributed to low adaptive capacity.
Studies on Climate Change projection in Tanzania have been conducted by a number of scientists (Matari et.al., 2008). Matari et.al. (2008) and NAPA (2007) used MAGICC/SCENGEN software to downscale the climate change projection for Tanzania.
Identification, Documentation & Dissemination of Indigenous Knowledge Forecasting to Adapt to Climate Change Within Selected Comunities in Tanzania
An Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change in Makete District
Woodlot Management Guidelines for Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania