CC DARE in Rwanda

Country Status

Rwanda is one of the 20 poorest countries in the world, ranking 161 out of 177 countries on the 2007 Human Development Index. The percentage of the population living below the poverty line (less than $1 per day) declined from 70% in 1994, to 60% in 2002. Rwanda is highly aid-dependent, with currently 50% of government revenue coming from donor support.

Rwanda has a temperate climate with two rainy seasons (March to May; October to December). It is a landlocked and densely populated country with few exploitable resources. The majority of Rwandans exist on subsistence agriculture. Periodic drought, soil erosion and soil exhaustion through over-cultivation on small family plots has led to food insecurity in some parts of the country. Coffee and tea are the main export products.

The Government ratified the UNFCCC in August 1998. The country has developed and submitted its Initial National Communication (INC) in September 2005 and its National Adaptation Programme of Action in December 2006.

CC DARE mission

The CC DARE team conducted an inception mission to Rwanda, jointly with UNDP, the Least Developed Countries Adaptation Fund (LDCF) and the Africa Adaptation Programme for Climate change (AAP), from 4th to 9th July 2009. The objectives of the mission were to increase awareness of the CC DARE programme among main stakeholders involved in climate change adaptation in Rwanda and coordinate efforts with similar initiatives. Consultations were held with national stakeholders and development partners in order to identify how CC DARE may contribute to national adaptation priorities, in the context of other programming initiatives supported by UNEP, UNDP and other bilateral and multilateral development partners.

Linkages to other initiatives

Existing and planned climate change adaptation and related activities in Rwanda include those identified in the Strategic Document on Poverty Reduction, the Initial National Communications (INC), the National Capacity Self Assessment (NCSA), the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), as well as in the ongoing development process of the Second National Communications (SNC) of Rwanda. More specifically, a UNDP/GEF capacity building project for sustainable land use and management in Rwanda is being implemented in four Districts (out of 30) of the country. The objective is to address the causes to land degradation due to poor cultivation, in the mountain agro-ecological zone of the country.

Furthermore, the UNDP Small Grants Programme is implementing a project that aims at restoring the socio-economic and environmental situation of the communities in the Nyabihu district, through profitable and environmentally friendly farming practices. In addition, the Government of Rwanda has recently engaged in developing two climate change adaptation programmes:

  1. “Reducing Vulnerability to Climate Change by Establishing Early Warning and Disaster Preparedness Systems and Support for Integrated Watershed Management in Flood Prone Areas” supported by the LDCF under the Global Environment Facility
  2. Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa”, AAP supported by the Government of Japan

Information gathered on these initiatives was useful in shaping the collaborative efforts between CC DARE and Rwanda, and the development, approval and the support to be provided by CC DARE. The CC DARE programme is expected to remove adaptation barriers and pave the way for the implementation of larger-scale programmes in the country.

Proposals submitted

Following the inception meeting, the following three projects were submitted for review to the CC DARE team:

  1. "Building capacity and raising awareness for a sensitive community on climate change adaptation in Rwanda", proposed by the NGO Nile Basin Discourse Forum (NBDF)
  2. "Adapting to Climate Change through Land and Biodiversity Conservation in Gishwati Area in the Nyabihu District", submitted by the Rwanda Environmental NGOs Forum (RENGOF).
  3. "Flood mapping, zoning, and interventions in the Republic of Rwanda", proposed by Rwanda NGOs’ Forum on Water, Sanitation and Environment (RWASEF).

Projects selected

The following two projects were selected after review and revision of the original proposals:

Both projects are currently in their initial phase of implementation.
The main objectives of the NBDF project are to:

  • Build capacity of the general public, journalists and civil society organizations on climate change adaptation
  • Generate adequate information through the production and dissemination of awareness materials on climate change adaptation
  • Document and disseminate best practices on climate change adaptation and vulnerability reduction.
NBDF Newsletter
NBDF Brochure

The expected outcomes of the RENGOF project are:

  1. Sensitized, aware and capacitated stakeholders, including communities, civil society organizations, extension staff and local government authorities who are ready to offer services, take ownership and cooperate in building resilient communities and ecosystems, and adapt to climate change.
  2. Demonstrated small scale activities as a means to get accurate insight on ecosystem management, as an adaptation to climate change.
  3. Designed plan available to local government authorities as a tool for stimulating the implementation of climate change adaptation initiatives in Gishwati Area of Nyabihu District and for replication in other vulnerable regions, areas and Districts of Rwanda.
  4. Shared experiences and knowledge on planning for mainstreaming of climate change adaptation at the local government level.

NGOs Forum (RENGOF - Email:

Contact persons

UNFCCC National Climate Change Focal Point:
Sebastien Dusabeyezu,
Anchor Person: Bubu Jallow,



Status Report

CCDARE in Sub - Saharan Africa